Introduction to Shell Process


Shell mold casting is a casting method for producing castings with thin shell molds. Shell casting was invented by German J. Cronin in 1943. It was first applied in Germany in 1944, and other countries began to adopt it after 1947.

Cover the metal template heated to 180-280°C with a heat-hardening molding sand (phenolic resin-coated sand) to harden it into a thin shell (the thickness of the thin shell is generally 6-12 mm), and then heat and cure The thin shell can achieve sufficient strength and rigidity. Therefore, after the upper and lower shells are clamped with clamps or glued with resin, the mold can be formed without a sand box.

The heating temperature of the casting metal template is generally about 300 ℃ , The molding sand used is resin sand, that is, resin sand with phenolic resin as a binder. The same method can also be used to make the core into a thin shell core, and the tipping bucket method is commonly used to make thin shell castings. Blowing is commonly used to manufacture thin shell cores.

The use of resin sand to make thin shell molds or shell cores can significantly reduce the amount of molding sand used, resulting in castings with clear contours, smooth surfaces, and precise dimensions that can be machined without or only in small quantities. Therefore, shell casting is especially suitable for castings of various alloys with large batches, high dimensional accuracy requirements, thin walls and complex shapes. However, the resin used in shell casting is expensive, the template must be precisely processed, the cost is high, and a pungent odor is produced during casting, which limits the wide application of this method to some extent. Resin sand thin shell core can cooperate with ordinary sand mold or metal mold to manufacture various castings.

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